The SOSU lesson is divided into 7 overall parts:
After these lessons you will be able to:
A SOSU helper provides professional care to people who cannot care for themselves. Professional means that the residents, their needs and stories, are the center of attention for what you do. You can share your own stories, but remember that the resident must be the center of attention.
You will typically work with older people at nursing homes, or perhaps visit and assist them in their own homes, if they are still able to reside there.
There are a lot of chores or functions you will have to do and communicate about
On a daily basis you will probably assist with:
Communication tasks might involve:
Watch the video and try to follow the conversation. It uses many of the terms and phrases that you will be learning in this lesson.
Lotte: Godmorgen Margot.
Lotte: Har du sovet godt?
Margot: Ja, ja.
Lotte: “I 1972 blev kronprinsesse Margrethe til Dronning Margrethe d. II af Danmark...hendes far……….."
An important aspect of your job is to converse with your residents and talk about their day, their schedule and life in general.
In the introduction you have learned how to greet at different times of day with goddag, godmorgen, godaften and godnat.
In the following, you can pick up some good conversation starters and information providers.
In the morning when you arrive to help a resident out of bed, you say godmorgen.
You may hear the same back, and you can ask:
You might hear your resident ask for breakfast, or you can ask them:
You can ask a resident about their day, or tell them about their daily schedule by saying i dag skal du and combining it with the activity:
Later on in the morning, or in the afternoon when you revisit the resident, there are other connversational topics you can use:
Food, including dinner, is mostly prepared in a central kitchen at the nursing home and served to the resident
In the evening, when you arrive to help a resident to bed, there are some typical things that you can say in addition to godaften and godnat.
You could also be asked if you have time to read a bit?
As a SOSU helper, there will be plenty of times where you have to assist your residents with their hygienic needs. Among these are going to the bathroom, bathing, showering, brushing their teeth, cleaning wounds and similar.
There are times when you will need to help you residents go to the toilet or change their diapers.
There are a number of important questions to ask while giving a bath to a citizen.
You can either ask your resident to do something themselves: kan du (can you...) - Or, ask if you have to do it, skal jeg (shall I / do you want me to...)
Many hygienic processes take place in front of the sink and mirror:
Brushing teeth, shaving, cutting nails, putting on lotion, etc. You can use the kan du / skal jeg distinction here as well.
In the picture you can see the names of various body parts, that you will need to learn.
In the following pages you can hear them pronounced and practice saying them.
Note: Click the image to enlarge it.
Listen to, and practice, saying the various body parts below. If you forget what they mean, go to the picture on the previous slide to check.
Continue practicing the various body parts.
And, just a few more:
As part of your job, you will be required to be able to apply bandages to wounds and similar. In the following, you will learn vocabulary, questions and conversation relating to that.
In Danish a bandage is also known by the same word although pronounced slightly different. So, you can use it.
But, more common is the term forbinding.
While putting on a bandage,you might need the resident to assist you a bit. You can ask various questions, such as:
Administering drugs and pills will certainly be a part of your daily routine. There are two types of drugs, those that you can buy without a prescription Håndkøb and those that require a prescription, recept, from a doctor.
When giving medicin, It is your responsibility to ensure that:
There are some medical items that are used fairly frequently.
You can tell the resident what you are doing, or give instructions:
You can ask the resident if there is anything wrong, and what
It is common to measure a residents blood sugar level if they have diabetes.
Other items you use for measuring blood sugar are: a disinfection cloth for cleaning the area, a needle for pricking the finger, test strips for the blood and swabs, to stop the bleeding afterwards.
There will be times when you have to assist a resident in getting somewhere, or have to help them entirely get where they have to go. But since you are not allowed to simply carry people, there are various aids that you can employ instead.
The lift is a very common way of assisting with moving residents who can't move by themselves.
The ceiling lift runs on a series of tracks mounted in the ceiling. It can be used both to lift a resident from bed to chair, or vice versa, or up from the floor
The floor lift is very versatile because it can be moved around freely and has lots of applications, such as moving residents from their bed to a chair, or up from the floor.
Palliative care is the act of providing the best possible care for a person who is terminally ill, thereby increasing the quality of life in the time which is left. This can consist of many different things:
And many other things.
When somebody is sick, you say:
People may suffer from various ilnesses. One of the more common ones is:
In addition to terminal illnesses, there are several other life-changing ilnesses that may afflict people:
There are several other potentially debilitating ilnesses that strike, especially, older people.
Death is not something Danes find easy to talk about. But Danes do tend to get fairly old, and the average age of living has only increased over the years.
Today women generally live until they are 83 years old, and men until they are 79.
Historical point of view
A hundred years ago, death seems to have been a more natural part of life. Many people died at a younger age, and becoming old was deemed lucky. If you had 10 children, you were lucky if 3 of them reached adulthood.
A lot of people died in wars or accidents. If you were ill, you were taken care of at home, by your family and you died under the supervision of your family.
Many of these things are different today. We live longer, we are taken care of at nursing homes and we die in hospitals. Perhaps people were better equipped to deal with death a 100 years ago, although the sadness of the loss was most likely identical.
Death, dying people and their mourning relatives, will undoubtedly be a part of your work routine. When you have residents that die, you have to contact the relatives (unless they were present), and tell them what has happened. There are different ways of saying a person is dead.
You enter Margot's appartment in the morning, to help her out of bed. Say good morning and ask her if she slept well:
Margot is known to have type 1 diabetes, so her blood sugar should be measured before she eats. Tell her that you are going to measure her blood sugar:
Margot is eating breakfast, while you are making her bed. You know her schedule. Tell her that today she is going on a trip with her family:
Margot is eating breakfast, when she suddenly says something
What do you tell her?
Margot is complaining about something. What do you ask her?
Drag the image to the correct sound file
After breakfast you are giving Margot a shower. Ask her if it is too hot:
Margot is watching TV. Ask her what she is doing:
One of the other residents in your care at the nursing home has passed away. You are meeting his family for the first time since it happened.
Give them your condolences and tell them that you are sorry on their behalf:
||Get her pills|
||Read in her book|
||Bandage her arm|
You have completed the SOSU section of WorkSim. We recommend that you move onto the game section of the course now and test your skills.
Remember, you can always come back and practice again, or use WorkSim as a reference guide. In case you are looking for additional free learning ressources, we have provided a few links below:
|Exercise||Result||Your answer||Correct answer|